ESTABLISHMENT OF LONDON TYPE FOUNDRY
PAVYER, Benjamin (1794-1871) London type founder. Two manuscript accounts books detailing expenditure and income in Benjamin Pavyer’s type founding business (‘Expenditure by me B.Pavyer’). The first notebook (c 4 ½ x 7 inches) contains 15 close-written sides of expenditure dating from June 1822 to March 1823, plus a further 7 sides of entries for orders placed in 1822, 1823 and 1825. The first entry in the notebook dates to June 1822 for a stone furnace with an ironwork compartment, following which are many entries for equipment and materials, with an interesting entry for 23 July 1822 noting “Paid Stephen Bluck junr for purchase of his foundry” which amounted to £85, the largest outgoing item of expenditure in the early months of 1822. Between January and March 1823 several entries occur involving advances of substantial sums of money to a Mr T.King connected with “work for the business”, indicating a partnership in the early years of Pavyer’s business.
The second notebook (c 6 ½ x 7 ½ inches) entitled “Day Book or Waste Book” contains 31 sides of manuscript entries of income from printers for type fonts, dating from May 17 1824 to April 13 1825. Some 50 named clients are given, 41 of whom are London based, and the other 9 are printers in Bristol, Bath, Trowbridge, Chepstow. For each client Pavyer records the printer’s name and address, the type font purchased, their sizes, weight, and the price charged. The notebooks come with copies of relevant census returns and a list of printers found in the income notebook checked against Todd’s Directory of Printers for London & vicinity.
Benjamin Pavyer (1794-1871), the son of Thomas and Mary Pavyer, established his type foundry in London in 1822 as recorded in detail in these accounts. His business was based in Bartholemew Close in the City of London, and his son Benjamin (1827-1897) continued the business following his father’s death in 1871 as Benjamin Pavyer & Son. Benjamin Pavyer junior had a son James (1861-1925) who in turn was engaged in the family business which in 1904 merged with George Bullen & Co. to form Pavyer & Bullens Ltd.
Benjamin Pavyer senior was indicted on 23rd February 1846 ‘for feloniously receiving 3 moulds for casting types, value 6l., the goods of Vincent Figgins; well knowing them to have been stolen’, but was found not guilty. The interesting case can be found on-line by clicking: Proceedings of the Old Bailey