NAPOLEONIC WARS: EXPENDITURE ON BEHALF OF THE SECRET SERVICE
BROUGHTON, Charles Rivington (1759-1832), Receiver General. Autograph letter signed to [John Fane] Lord Burghersh, 4 sides folio, Foreign Office, September 13th 1813, providing guidance on payments due for services rendered on behalf of the Secret Service: 'In the event of your Lordship having occasion to make any Disbursements on account of Secret Service, it will be necessary for your Lordship to conform yourself strictly to the Forms pointed out in the inclosed paper, in order that there may be no difficulty or objection raised at the Audit Office on passing your accounts'. He goes on to explain the required procedures, particularly in the case of him wanting to conceal from the bankers the fact that the bill is drawn on a Government account for the purposes of Secret Service. Paper watermarked 1812. Attached to this Broughton has written out two specimen forms to be used on 2 sides of folio.
With: FANE, John, Lord Burghersh. 11th Earl of Westmorland. (1784-1859), British soldier, politician & diplomat. Autograph letter signed (with his initial B), three pages, 4to, Chatillon [Hauts-de-Seine], 14th March 1814, to Viscount Castlereagh [Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs] informing Castlereagh that he has drawn a Bill on account for his extraordinary expenses to the order of Coutts for the sum of £352.19.0, stating that an addition amount of 15 shillings per day as an allowance for his secretary for 90 days is also to be included, and also discussing the loss in exchange, concluding 'I am sorry that it bears no other signature than my own. It is with the greatest difficulty I have been able to obtain the money at all. I can do no more than certify upon honor that the acct. which I transmit is the true rate of exchange at which I have obtained the money'. Attached: Fane's manuscript accounts, referred to in his letter, three sides, 4to, Chatillon, 14th March 1814. The accounts consist of various extra expenses and allowances and are converted from pounds to Napoleon d'or. Signed 'Burghersh' at the conclusion. Incorporating also a 4 line note, Chatillon, 14th March 1814, addressed to Mr.[Thomas] Bidwell [Chief Clerk] at the Foreign Office.
With: FANE, John, Lord Burghersh - Battle of Arcis-Sur-Aube 1814. Copy manuscript statement of Lord Burghersh, in two hands on two sides of a bifolium, folio, the paper watermarked 1853, regarding the disposition of the Allied Army over the course of the 19th March 1814. Burghersh states that 'The disposition for the Concentration of the Army after the orders which had been issued to it to fall back as far as Brienne & Chaumont was owing to an exertion of Ld. Burghersh who, having waited at Arcis….to ascertain that the enemy could not pass the Aube on that day, rode across the country to Prince Schwarzenberg with this information & then persuaded him to stop the falling back of the Army & to concentrate it at Arcis. This determination by which the whole army was brought together to meet Bonaparte was entirely successful. Bonaparte (unable with his troops which did not exceed from 25,000 to 30,000 men) to attempt anything against the allied army which amount to 80,000, retired before it……..'.
Charles Rivington Broughton was Receiver General for the Foreign Office, and for a wide range of other public offices and taxes for London & Middlesex from 1795 up to his retirement in 1824. Some of his dealings within his office were questionable as is evident in the Minutes of Evidence Taken before the Select Committee on the Duties of the Receiver General of Land and Assessed Taxes (published in 1821). At the same time Broughton also appears to have run the business of Broughton & Co., Navy and Prize Agents, which handled large sums of prize money. In the early 1820s Broughton became involved with a Dr. Patrick Mackie in a plot against the Mexican merchant Francisco Borja Migoni charged by his government to help secure British recognition of Mexico’s independence.
John Fane, Lord Burghersh was MP for Lyme Regis from 1806-1816. He married Lady Priscilla Anne Wellesley-Pole in 1811, daughter of the third earl of Mornington - her uncles were to become the Marquess Wellesley and the duke of Wellington. Burghersh’s career as a soldier began in 1803; in 1805 he was appointed aide-de-camp to Lieutenant-General George Don in the Hanover expedition; he served in Sicily and Egypt as assistant adjutant-general 1806-7; joined the army in Portugal 1808 and took part in the battles of Roliça and Vimeiro; he was aide-de-camp to Sir Arthur Wellesley 1809; and served at the battles of Talavera and Busaco. In 1813 he became the accredited military commissioner to the headquarters of the allied armies in Europe, and was present during the 1814 campaign in France (Battle of Arcis-sur-Aube) until the capture of Paris, as covered in these documents. Burghersh went on to take up a diplomatic career in August 1814 as envoy-extraordinary and minister-plenipotentiary in Florence, remaining in Italy until 1830. In 1841 he was appointed minister at Berlin, and in 1851 he became ambassador to Vienna. (ODNB)