ARNOTT, Neil (1788-1874), physician and public health reformer. Patent application in manuscript, signed. 2 sides, folio (folded), October 1821. A Petition & Affidavit for a patent for an invention "Improvements connected with the production and Agency of heat in Furnaces, Steam, and Air Engines, Distilling, Evaporating, and Brewing Apparatus." With official signatures and embossed Tax stamp. Paper strip repair to joint of the two folio sheets, and small fold tears.
The patent application N. 4615 was granted 14th November 1821, and represents Arnott's first patent. Neil Arnott was the son of William Arnott, a manufacturer and farmer, born at Arbroath, Forfarshire, Scotland. He grasduated from Marischal College, Aberdeen, in 1805, studied medicine in London, and established himself in a private practice in Brunswick Square, London in 1811. Arnott became a versatile lecturer, author, and inventor, publishing his Elements of Physics in 1827, which had gone through six editions by 1865 and which was translated into every major European language. His essay Warming and Ventilating (1838) described the principles underlying the Arnott stove, for which he subsequently received the Royal Society's Rumford medal in 1854. (ODNB)